Prime Ministers of Queen Elizabeth

International Desk

In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is appointed on the basis of the confidence of the majority of the House of Commons. Parliament has the real power to appoint the Prime Minister. The ultimate power to appoint the Prime Minister is in the hands of the Queen of Britain. The Prime Minister formed the government with his permission.

As is customary, leaders backed by the House of Commons go to her palace to meet the Queen to form a government. Earlier, however, the outgoing Prime Minister submitted his resignation letter to the Queen. The Queen usually stays at Buckingham Palace during this time. Although this time Liz Truss met the Queen at Balmoral Palace in Scotland.

The Queen asked the new leader of the House of Commons to form the government. Then there is the custom of kissing the hand of the new Prime Minister Queen. After meeting the Queen and taking her permission, the new Prime Minister went straight to Number 10 Downing Street, the Prime Minister’s residence. The new Prime Minister took oath in the name of the Queen.

The recently deceased Queen Elizabeth II was the longest-reigning British monarch. During his 70-year reign, 15 British Prime Ministers served. Each of them ruled the country in obedience to the queen. The first Prime Minister of Queen Elizabeth II was Winston Churchill and the last Prime Minister was the newly appointed Liz Truss.

Prime Ministers of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II from 1952 to 2022

Winston Churchill

Queen Elizabeth II ascended the throne while Winston Churchill was Prime Minister from 1951-1955. Churchill was 77 at that time. He was one of the leaders of the victorious Allies in World War II. Queen Elizabeth initially received contemptuous treatment from Churchill. Churchill also referred to the 25-year-old Queen as ‘just a child’. But after a few days Churchill changed his tune. He said of Queen Elizabeth, ‘Even if all the world were searched, no one could be found more suitable for this duty.’

Queen Elizabeth II and Prime Minister Churchill once had a warm relationship.

Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden served as Prime Minister for two years during the Queen’s reign. He was the Prime Minister from 1955 to 1957. In 1956, the Suez Canal crisis forced Anthony Eden to resign. He was the leader of the Conservative Party.

Harold Macmillan

Harold Macmillan was the Prime Minister of Britain from 1957 to 1963. Macmillan once said of the Queen, ‘Elizabeth is a Queen, she is not a puppet.’ Macmillan was Chancellor of Oxford University.

Queen Elizabeth II with Harold Macmillan in November 1960

Douglas Home

Douglas Home was the Prime Minister of Britain from 1963 to 1964. He was also a family friend of the Queen. However, Douglas Home served as Prime Minister for less than a year.


Harold Wilson

Labor Party leader Harold Wilson served as Prime Minister of Britain from 1964 to 1970 and then for a second term from 1974 to 1976. His understanding with the queen is said to have been excellent.

A relaxed atmosphere is obvious as Harold Wilson, the retiring Prime Minister, escorts the Queen to the State Room at 10 Downing Street where Mr and Mrs Wilson will entertain Her Majesty at a farewell dinner.

Edward Heath

Edward Heath was the Prime Minister of Britain from 1970 to 1974. The Conservative Party leader joined Britain in the European Union’s predecessor, the European Economic Community.

The Queen, Prime Minister Edward Heath and the Duke of Edinburgh (centre, background) in the foyer of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London. They attended a gala launching 'Fanfare for Europe', the official festival marking Britain's entry into the Common Market.

James Callahan

From 1976 to 1979, James James Callaghan was the Prime Minister of Britain. During his time in the UK, there was a great economic depression and the government was in conflict with the trade unions.

French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing, in Britain for a summit meeting with Prime Minister James Callaghan at Chequers, receives a warm welcome from Queen Elizabeth II when he arrived at Windsor Castle for lunch.

Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher was the first female Prime Minister of Britain. He was also Elizabeth’s longest-serving prime minister. Thatcher served as Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. But the Elizabeth-Thatcher relationship was sour.

The Queen (L) with former Conservative Prime Minister Baroness Thatcher, while opening a new wing of the National Portrait Gallery in London. Between them is portrait painter Suzi Malin whose work is featured in the gallery.

John Major

John Major was Prime Minister of Britain from 1990 to 1997. He said about Rani, ‘One can talk to Rani about anything. Anything that you may not be willing to discuss with your cabinet can be safely discussed with the Queen.’

Britain's Queen Elizabeth and former British prime minister John Major (L) inspect a book during a reception for The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust at Buckingham Palace in London October 23, 2013. REUTERS/Andrew Matthews/Pool (BRITAIN - Tags : ROYALS)

Tony Blair

Tony Blair was the Prime Minister of Britain from 1997 to 2007. He is the first British Prime Minister born during the Queen’s reign. It is said that Queen Elizabeth spoke about this issue in Blair’s first meeting with the Queen as Prime Minister. The Queen told Tony Blair, ‘You are my 10th Prime Minister. The first was Winston Churchill. Of course, this was before you were born.’


Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown was at number 10 Downing Street from 2007 to 2010. In the 2010 election, he left the Labor Party in a landslide. After this, the Labor Party could not come to power in Britain.

Britain's Queen Elizabeth II greets the Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown as he arrives at a reception for The Queen's Award for Enterprise at Buckingham Palace in Central London. The Queen's Award for Enterprise is the highest honor the Government can confer on a business. The Awards are presented in three categories: Innovation, International Trade and Sustainable Development.

David Cameron

David Cameron was the Prime Minister of Britain from 2010 to 2016. Cameron was the youngest Prime Minister during Elizabeth’s reign. He studied at Heatherdown School with the Queen’s son, Prince Edward. He resigned after the Brexit referendum.


Theresa May

Theresa May was the Prime Minister of Britain for three years from 2016 to 2019. His time was all about Brexit discussion and criticism. Theresa May resigned after three failed attempts to get parliament to approve the Brexit deal.


Boris Johnson

Boris Johnson served as Prime Minister of Britain from 2019 to 2022. He was the top leader of the Brexit movement. He became Prime Minister promising to complete and implement the Brexit deal, but the coronavirus pandemic was a major crisis during his time. He was also widely criticized for the Partygate scandal. He resigned recently.


lease truss

Liz Truss has been appointed Prime Minister by Queen Elizabeth II as her last royal duty before her death. The Queen ordered Liz Truss to form a cabinet at Balmoral Palace in Scotland on September 6.

The last photo of Queen Elizabeth before her death

Two days later, Rani breathed her last.


Tags: Prime Ministers Queen Elizabeth

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