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Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest-serving monarch, has died at Balmoral Palace after a 70-year reign. He was 96 years old.
Queen Elizabeth’s family gathered at the palace in Scotland on Thursday amid growing concerns about her health.
Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne in 1952 and witnessed huge social changes during her lifetime.
King Charles III
His eldest son took the name King Charles III and became Head of State of the 14 Commonwealth. He said the death of his beloved mother was a “moment of great sadness” for him.
In a statement, the King said: “We are deeply saddened by the death of a beloved Queen and beloved mother. I know her death will be deeply felt by countless people across the country, state and Commonwealth, and around the world.”
He said the “reverence and deep affection” for the late queen would provide comfort and strength to her and her family during this period of grief and transition.
A peaceful death
Earlier, a statement from the Queen’s palace, Buckingham Palace, said: “The Queen passed away peacefully this (Thursday) afternoon at Balmoral Palace.
“The King and Queen will be at Balmoral this evening and they will return to London tomorrow.”
All of Queen Elizabeth’s children gathered at Balmoral Palace, near Aberdeen, after doctors began attending to the Queen’s treatment.
Her grandson Prince William was present. Younger grandson Prince Harry also appeared there later.
Loyalty of the Prime Minister to the King
Prime Minister Liz Truss was appointed as Britain’s new head of government on Tuesday at the Queen’s invitation. The late Queen, he says, is the foundation on which the structure of modern Britain is built and “she provided the stability and strength we needed.”
Regarding Britain’s new king, he said, “As his mother has long devoted her life to the welfare of countless people, we offer our loyalty and devotion to him (the king).
“And with the end of the reign of Elizabeth II, ‘God save the King’ we usher in another new era in the glorious history of our great country, just as the late Queen wished.”
15 Prime Ministers
Queen Elizabeth II’s tenure as head of state saw post-Great War austerity, the transition from the British Empire to the Commonwealth, the end of the Cold War, and Britain’s accession to and subsequent withdrawal from the European Union.
Fifteen prime ministers have served during her lifetime, starting with Winston Churchill, born in 1874, and Miss Truss, born 101 years later, in 1975.
Throughout his tenure he regularly met his prime ministers every week.
A large crowd waited outside Buckingham Palace in London for an update on the Queen’s health, and many began to cry upon hearing the news of her death. The Union Jack flag at the top of the palace was flown at half-mast at 6:30 p.m. local time, and an official notice officially announcing the Queen’s death was placed outside the palace.
Queen Elizabeth’s full name is Alexandra Mary Windsor. He was born on April 21, 1926 in Mayfair, London.
Few could have imagined that she would one day become a queen. But in December 1936 his uncle Edward VIII abdicated to marry Wallis Simpson, a twice-divorced American woman.
Elizabeth to Lilibet
Princess Elizabeth’s father, George VI, then became King of Britain and 10-year-old ‘Lillibet’, as she was called in the family, became heir to the British throne.
Within three years, Britain was at war with Nazi Germany. Princess Elizabeth and her younger sister Princess Margaret were offered to move to Canada, but their parents rejected the offer. The two sisters lived at Windsor Castle in Berkshire County, England for most of the Great War.
After turning 18, Princess Elizabeth worked in the Auxiliary Territorial Service for five months and acquired basic knowledge and driving skills as a motor mechanic.
“I began to understand the collective power of alliances, the power that grows in the face of adversity,” he later said, recalling the memory.
Love with Prince Philip
During World War II, he began to correspond with a distant relative, Prince Philip of Greece. Philip was serving in Britain’s Royal Navy.
Their romance blossomed and they married on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey. By virtue of this marriage, Prince Philip received the title of Duke of Edinburgh.
Queen Elizabeth described him as “my strength and dependence” during their 74-year marriage until Prince Philip’s death in 2021 at the age of 99.
Suddenly the Queen of Britain
The royal couple’s first son, Charles, was born in 1948, followed by Princess Anne in 1950, Prince Andrew in 1960, and Prince Edward in 1964. These children gave their parents a total of eight grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren.
In 1952, Princess Elizabeth was visiting Kenya when Prince Philip informed her of her father’s death. She quickly returned to London as Britain’s new queen.
“It was a case of suddenly taking charge and doing the best I could,” he later said.
Broadcast on Abhishek Television
On 2 June 1953, at the age of twenty-seven, Princess Elizabeth was crowned Queen of Britain at Westminster Abbey. More than two million TV viewers watched the show, a record at the time.
The decades that followed saw huge changes – the end of the British Empire overseas and the ‘Swinging Sixties’, when all of Britain’s old social norms were swept away.
At a time when public respect for the monarchy was on the wane, Queen Elizabeth focused on reforming the monarchy, socializing with the common people, making physical appearances at various events and making royal visits. He had an abiding affection for the Commonwealth. He visited every Commonwealth state at least once.
The terrible year 1992
But there were also many painful days for him, both publicly and privately. The year 1992, which he called the ‘Annus Horribilis’ (terrible year), was when a fire broke out at Windsor Castle. It was simultaneously his office and private residence. During that time, his three children’s marriages broke up.
After the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, in a car accident in Paris in 1997, the Queen came under severe public criticism. It was alleged that he had failed to properly mourn the death.
Sacrifice life in the service of people
Questions were also raised about the relevance of the monarchy to modern British society.
“Those who show loyalty and support to an institution should not expect to be immune from criticism of that institution … and those who do not are left out,” he later admitted.
As a twenty-one-year-old princess, Elizabeth vowed to dedicate her life to the service of humanity.
Decades later, during the silver jubilee of his accession to the throne in 1977, he recalled the oath, saying, “Though it was taken in my younger days, when I was immature in experience, I do not regret a single word of that oath or I will not take it back.”
45 years later, he reiterated the same promise of service in a letter of thanks to the nation on the platinum jubilee of his accession last June.
This jubilee milestone is celebrated with many lively street parties and various colorful festivities on state occasions and British way of life.
Although the Queen was unable to attend several events due to failing health, she simply said, “All my heart goes out to you all.”