Importance of agriculture in the eyes of Islam

Importance of agriculture in the eyes of Islam
Importance of agriculture in the eyes of Islam

Preliminary discussion: Our country is an agricultural country. The role and importance of agriculture and farmers in the economy of this country is immense. Islam encourages farming. Islam has emphasized to cultivate uncultivated land and use it for human life. Food is very important and one of the needs and means of survival of human beings. No man can survive without eating. So the agricultural production of a country like food, grain, fruit production process is very important. In today’s article, I am trying to present a brief discussion about the importance of agriculture in the eyes of Islam.
Prophet’s command to do agriculture: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) instructed us to do agriculture. He also did farming himself. Allama Sarakhsi (RA) said that the Holy Prophet (SAW) cultivated in a place called Zaraf. Then it can be understood that agricultural work is also the Sunnah of the Prophet. Not only that, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to encourage his companions in agriculture. He said, ‘You seek food in the hidden storehouses of the earth.
Status of Farmer in Islam: In Islam, the farmer has been seen with dignity. The world’s first human, Hazrat Adam Alaihis Salam, also worked in agriculture. Later, many more prophets were involved in agricultural work. Speaking about Hazrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him), the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) said, ‘I will tell you about Ibrahim (peace be upon him). And he used to farm.’ Most of the Prophets of Allah have chosen this profession as their profession. Therefore, its status and importance in Islam is immense.
Prohibition to leave land abandoned: In Islam, it is forbidden to leave land abandoned. In Islam, if you cannot cultivate the abandoned land yourself, it is said to cultivate that land to someone else. The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, ‘Cultivate the land and whoever cannot cultivate it himself, let him give the land to another brother, so that he can cultivate it and enjoy it.’ In this case, even if the land is given for cultivation, the owner of the land remains the same, so there is no difficulty in making the land cultivable. This makes the food itself complete.
Allah Ta’ala has given land for cultivation: Allah Ta’ala has given land for cultivation and production of food. The Holy Qur’an says, ‘He created the earth for the living. In it are palm trees with fruit and juice and rinds and aromatic herbs.’ (Surah: Ar-Rahman, Verses: 11-12). However, taking someone’s land wrongfully and cultivating it without sharing the inheritance will be considered a serious crime.
The main foundation of land cultivation is the seed: The great Rabbul Alamin Allah Ta’ala says, ‘What do you think about the seed that you sow, you produce it, or I am the producer? I can turn it into straw if I want. Then you will be surprised.’ (Surah: Waqiya, verses: 63-65). The creation of plants from seeds. It is important to maintain and care for seeds with great care. It is important for farmers to have knowledge about seed storage methods. Acquiring this knowledge of the farmer in the Islamic view is an obligatory and rewarding task.
Halal Earnings Farming in the Eyes of Islam: A Muslim can never earn a living by unlawful means. Agriculture is one of the legitimate means of earning in Islam and one of the oldest occupations. Islam has declared this profession as a noble profession. The importance of agriculture and food grain production has been mentioned many times in the Holy Quran and Hadith.
Hazrat Adam Alaihis Salam’s profession was agriculture: Hazrat Adam Alaihis Salam came to earth and chose agriculture first. Agriculture was the main means of livelihood at that time. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) also planted palm trees with his own hands. On the authority of Hazrat Ayesha Radiyallahu Anha, the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said, ‘You seek food in the hidden storehouses of the earth.’
The Prophets were also involved in agriculture: Allah gave knowledge to Hazrat Adam alaihis salam in many matters including agriculture. The revelations revealed to him contained much knowledge and guidance on agriculture. When Hazrat Nuh Alaihis Salam’s ship went to Judi Hill during the Great Flood, it produced a tree called Zaytun there. Hazrat Idris Alaihis Salam used to teach people the methods of farming. Hazrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him) also farmed with his two sons, the Prophet of God, Hazrat Ishaq (peace be upon him) and Hazrat Ismail (peace be upon him). Thus, many prophets including Hazrat Sulaiman Alaihis Salam, Hazrat Shuaib Alaihis Salam were involved in agriculture. The Holy Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘You search for food in the hidden treasures of the earth.’ (Tabarani)
Farming of Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis Salam: It is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an that Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis Salam, while leaving his beloved family, begged the Almighty God, ‘O our Lord! I am leaving some members of my family to live in the uncultivated valley near your noble house. O Lord! So that they establish Salat. You attract the hearts of some people to them and provide them sustenance with fruits. I hope they will be grateful.’ (Surah: Ibrahim, verse: 37).
Hazrat Yusuf Alaihis Salam’s Knowledge of Agriculture: Hazrat Yusuf Alaihis Salam explained dreams about agriculture. He gave various suggestions on agriculture to get rid of famine. This event is described in the Holy Qur’an Sharif, you will cultivate well for seven years. Then when the crop is harvested, the rest of the crop will be left with the seeds, except for food. Then there will be seven years of famine. Then you shall eat what you had previously set aside, except a certain amount which you shall set aside as seed or store. After that there will come a year in which rain will fall on the people and then they will press the grape juice, i.e. there will be a surplus crop.’ (Surah: Yusuf, verses: 47-49). Hazrat Yusuf Alaihis Salam himself became the ruler of Egypt and followed the method of salvation from this famine.
Animal husbandry of Hazrat Musa Alaihis Salam: Hazrat Musa Alaihis Salam himself used to do agricultural work and rear animals. While in Mada’in he earned his living by farming and animal husbandry. He used to spend most of his time traveling to different places and encouraging the people wherever he went to take up agriculture. And he used to explain it well to them so that they can do agricultural work.
Conclusion: Finally, a Muslim should earn his living in a halal way. Almighty Allah says, ‘Then when the prayer is finished, spread out in the world in search of livelihood.’ (Surah: Juma, verse: 10) Here agriculture is understood and it is a means of livelihood in a halal way. Many look down on this profession. Reporter! This profession is the profession of most of the prophets, so there is no opportunity to look down on this profession. So, let’s try to do the necessary agricultural work by giving importance to agriculture to provide food, grains, vegetables for human life.


The article is in Bengali

Tags: Importance agriculture eyes Islam

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