The concept of age-based child education in Islam 1186352 | The voice of time

The concept of age-based child education in Islam 1186352 | The voice of time
The concept of age-based child education in Islam 1186352 | The voice of time

Children are the most important deposit from Allah. This deposit has to be protected by ensuring proper upbringing and education of the child. And good education is the greatest gift of parents to their children. Islam recommends age-based education to ensure proper upbringing and education of children.

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So that education does not become a burden for the child.

The concept of age-based education in Islam: The idea that a child’s education must be age-appropriate is derived from a hadith of Rasulullah (SAW). He said, ‘Order your children to pray when they are seven years old and when they are ten years old, beat them for praying and separate their beds. (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 494)

In another narration, ‘When the child can tell the difference between right and left, he will instruct them to pray. (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 497)

What age to teach? : Ali Ibn Abi Talib (R.A.) said about what to teach a child at what age, ‘You give the child rest for the first seven years and keep them always with you for the next seven years (focus on teaching). If he can gain welfare during this period, then good. Otherwise he will be deprived of welfare. (Al-Kafi: 6/46)

In the light of the mentioned Hadith and this saying of Ali (RA), Muslim scholars divide the education period of the child into three parts. It is—

A. Zero to seven years: At this age the child will be out of formal education. Will pay more attention to the physical and mental development of the child up to seven years. To ensure that the physical structure of the child is not weak, he will be provided with nutritious food, pleasant healthy environment and opportunities for sports.

As children are imitative at this age, family elders along with parents will make the child accustomed to a good life through exemplary living, good behavior and good deeds. They will teach the basics of faith and Islam. Although the main stage of childhood education begins after the age of seven, this period is important for the future. Rasulullah (s.a.w.) pointed to it and said, ‘Every child is born with fitrat or healthy nature. His parents converted him to Judaism or Christianity. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 6600)

b. Eight to 14 years: According to Muslim theologians, this is the key period of a child’s formal education. Because at this time, the child’s sense-intelligence gradually develops. So he has to ensure the reading of Fard or necessary knowledge of Islamic Shari’ah and worldly knowledge essential for life. Since this is when the child begins to store his memory, special care is required in teaching at this age. Otherwise, wrong education can have long-term negative effects on the child’s mind. In particular, it is best to teach the subjects of religious and secular education in a phased manner, which is considered as the ‘foundation’. Because researchers say, ‘Childhood education is like a design carved in stone. ‘

Apart from this, special attention must be paid to the physical development of the child as well as the mental development at this age. So that they are not affected by mental disorders like inferiority, narrow-mindedness, self-esteem. Also, they grow up with self-esteem, respect for others, respect for elders. After seven years, children can understand the difference between right and wrong. So it is necessary to explain to them the difference between good and bad. As Rasulullah (SAW) said to Umar Ibn Abu Salama (RA), ‘O child, read Bismillah while eating, eat with your right hand, eat from your own side. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5376)

When the age of the child exceeds 10 years, various questions and curiosity about biological needs may arise in his mind. So at this time, if the elders of the family do not behave with restraint and awareness and do not hide their private life from the children, the children may get the wrong message. This is why Rasulullah (s.a.w.) said to separate the child’s bed when he is 10 years old.

c. 15-21 years: Boys and girls in most regions enter puberty at this age and develop independent personalities. So if you behave harshly at this time, the child may feel threatened. Muslim scholars say that gentle advice is more beneficial than harsh discipline for young children. They suggest valuing the child’s individuality. Even Islam has given special status to human childhood.

When a child becomes a minor, Islamic law gives him freedom in many matters and reduces the authority of guardians over him. As a result, he gets the freedom to take important decisions like taking a life partner, buying and selling his assets, living independently on his own earnings. Parents and guardians should refrain from taking rash decisions after the child reaches puberty. Or the relationship between the two may become conflicted. Rasulullah (SAW) said, ‘Allah has not sent me to be stubborn and impose harshness; Rather sent as a simple and gentle teacher. (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 1478)

The benefits of ensuring good education: About the benefits of educating children in good education, Almighty Allah says, ‘Those who believe and their children follow them in faith, I will join their children (in Paradise) and I will not diminish their deeds in any way; Every person is responsible for his actions. (Surah Tur, verse 21)

May Allah give everyone the right understanding. Amen.


The article is in Bengali

Tags: concept agebased child education Islam voice time

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