Agriculture is divided into three seasons in agronomy. such as– ouch, Aman and Boro. Currently Aman season is going on. At this time Aman rice is considered as the main cash crop in some areas of Bangladesh. Especially the paddy grown in the plains, Among which are local and high yielding.
It is a perennial rice by nature, which the farmer has to completely depend on the rain water. However, where ufsi paddy is grown through the scheme, there is irrigation. But this btAman Abad of the country is facing crisis due to rainless monsoon. Other years Aman Abad is in full swing at this time. But this year Aman Abad is far away, Aman’s seedbed development target was also not achieved. Bangladesh’s agricultural sector has suffered the most from the rainless heat wave for several weeks.
Even though rice is ending in Shravana, no region of the country has seen enough rainfall. As there is no rain, farmers are crying for water. Due to lack of water, farmers are not able to make seed beds. Many people are not able to plant seedlings even though they prepare the seed beds artificially. As a result, There is concern about meeting the target of rice cultivation. Jute cannot be awakened in water.
Due to lack of rain, Aman’s field is bursting and turning into chauchi. Somewhere farmers are trying to plant aman seedlings through irrigation. But most of the farmers are staying away from Aman Abad fearing higher costs. Although the agriculture department irrigated the farmers in Aman AbadtTrying to read.
As a result, How much Amanabad target can be achieved this year in this unstable climate, There is doubt about it. According to the information of the Department of Agricultural Extension, The target of Aman Abad has been set at 59 lakh 80 thousand hectares of land in the current season. However till the last week of July only 1.5 lakh hectares of land could be cultivated. Aman has been cultivated in one fourth of the target land. However, the Department of Agriculture Extension is not disappointed with this. According to them, The planting season is not over yet.
Aman can be planted till mid-August. Department of Agriculture says, In 16 districts of the northern region, the target of Aman Abad has been set in 2.5 million hectares of land. However, due to lack of rain, only one lakh hectares have been cultivated, Which is only 4 percent of the target. That too had to be cultivated with supplementary irrigation. If the lands in other parts of the country, including the northern region, are to be cultivated with supplementary irrigation, Then the additional cost to the farmer will be at least 1000 crore rupees. To deal with the situation, the agriculture department is advising to plant aman with supplementary irrigation by distributing leaflets and miking.
Farmers in these areas are not able to cultivate Aman in the land due to lack of water. Even though the seed beds are made with difficulty, due to lack of water, the farmers are not able to plant Aman seedlings in the land. The regenerated seedbed is aging. Many seedlings turned yellow due to lack of water. Farmers have planted aman seedlings with supplemental irrigation in small areas, It is also dying due to lack of water. Burning in the sun. Many farmers have given up on the land, But can’t plant.
Many still could not give up on land. A few able-bodied farmers have started planting aman with plows and electric motors, but they are unable to bear the cost.. marginal on the other hand, Barga, Mortgagors and small farmers still look to the sky like chatak birds. As a result, the seedbed of Aman is damaged and the planting of seedlings is disrupted. This has raised concerns about meeting the target in Aman cultivation. Met Office records say, 137 mm in the first week of July last year in the northern part of the country, 35 mm rain in the second week and 131 mm in the third week.
This time there has been so little rain in the month of July-August, It could not be recorded. Meteorological Office said, The amount of rainfall received during the monsoon season in northern districts, This time the amount of rainfall is 60 percent less than that. As a result, Rangpur, Dinajpur, gay bandha, Due to severe drought in Kurigram and Panchagarh districts, the situation has become critical.
Not only the northern region, Farmers in the southern region are also worried about aman cultivation due to insufficient rainfall. Four districts of Khulna region are affiliated to Khulna, Bagerhat, Total cultivable land in Satkhira and Narail is 5 lakh 20 thousand 633 hectares. Ropa Amon (Hybrid, Ufshi and local varieties) seedbed target is 17 thousand 352 hectares.
Only half of this target has been met. But in the last financial year more than the target was sown. On the other hand, In the current fiscal year, the target of plantation in this region is 2 lakh 99 thousand 110 hectares. Only 6 thousand 628 hectares have been cultivated, Which is just over 2 percent of the total target. Last year, 10.4 percent of the target was cultivated.
Meteorologists are also worried about the hostility of the weather this time. In the country, it is mainly during the rainy seasont June, July and August are more rainy. According to the Meteorological Department, Khulna region in July 2021 where the average rainfall was recorded is about 356 mm, The average rainfall recorded during July-August 25 this year is less than 100 mm.
Met Office statistics say, This year in June, Khuulna received 76 mm of rain. The minimum rainfall was 103 mm in June 2005. The highest rainfall occurred in June 2021 with 468 mm. In other years the average rainfall in June was 250 mm. Same situation in July.
The total rainfall recorded till the last 30 jalais is 116 mm. But in the last 20 years, the average rainfall in July was above 350 mm. 181 mm of rainfall was recorded in July 2010 and 924 mm in July 2015.. Electric motor as an alternative to rain water, shallow machine, BADC Irrigation Scheme, Farmers are advised to plant Aman through deep tube wells and Barendra Irrigation Scheme. Planting paddy in one bigha of rain water costs 3000 to 3000 200 taka. And now the cost of the farmer is Rs 4,000 to 4,500 on that land. Irrigation cost has increased due to increase in diesel prices.
Field level agriculture officials say,’The target is slightly lower than last year due to non-rainfall. Due to low rainfall, we have advised the farmers to prepare seedbeds with supplementary irrigation. As there is still a chance of rain, So if the seed beds are ready and moderate monsoons are met, we hope to be able to meet the target in Aman cultivation..‘
Electric motor as an alternative to rain water, shallow machine, BADC Irrigation Scheme, Farmers are advised to plant Aman through deep tube wells and Barendra Irrigation Scheme. Well-to-do farmers have started planting Aman in deep-shallow tubewell irrigation with shallows. 150 per hour is being taken to irrigate an acre of land. It takes about 8 hours to soak the land alone.
After planting the seedlings, water should be taken again after a few days to keep the seedlings alive. About one acre of land will cost about one and a half to two thousand rupees for planting saplings and subsequent irrigation. It is an additional cost to the farmers. In this way, if farmers across the country cultivate aman under supplementary irrigation, Then they will have to spend at least one thousand crore rupees.
This is true, The government has developed dozens of schemes for farmers, Spending billions and subsidizing agricultural inputs, Loans on easy terms, The government is intimately involved in every step of the agricultural process, including buying crops at subsidized diesel prices.
24 thousand 224 crores of the Ministry of Agriculture in the current year’s budget, mtAgriculture and Livestock Ministry 3 thousand 808 crore taka, the environment, 1 thousand 501 crores from the Ministry of Forests and Climate Change, Ministry of Lands 2 thousand 381 crores, Ministry of Water Resources has allocated Tk 10 thousand 196 crores. A little more than 16 thousand crore rupees have been allocated as a subsidy package for the agriculture sector in the budget, One-fifth of the total subsidy. Reminder, Allocation to agriculture and allied sectors viz– the forest, the environment, Subsidy on livestock–39 percent of the budget allocation for these sectors. Again in the budget, an incentive package of Tk 15 thousand crore has been kept as a wholesale allocation for the agriculture sector.
Rich countries like the US also provide billions (1 billion) dollars in subsidies to farmers. But despite all this in Bangladesh, a large part of farmers can survive if they give up farming. Nowadays technology has improved a lot. The government has provided various technologies and facilities to the farmers. But the cultivator was not allowed to be self-reliant. his reason, Due to natural causes, agriculture and farmers are facing frequent disasters, The proof of which is the attack of drought on Aman crops, Which was natural.
To deal with this, the government can help the farmers from the budget subsidy, Especially for the farmers in the affected areas, Which is the demand of time. because, Addressing 21st century problems with sustainable agriculture remains largely impossible, What governments and policy makers know. Therefore, for the sake of food security, the seasonal crop Aman paddy must be protected and an integrated program to deal with drought needs to be taken up., Especially in irrigation water supply. This should be remembered, Strengthening institutional capacity keeping in mind the interests of small and marginal farmers as well as giving importance to demand extension services..
The role of decentralization in this regard is undeniable. Rice and other nutritious food of the countrytSelf-sufficiency in footing should be achieved, Which increases the fertility power of our limited land, Bigt Food in the rangetThis can only be achieved through the development of tillage and mechanized farming systems. In this case, it is very important to determine strategy based on priority and importance.
Bangladesh should be developed in such a way, Where an active role can be played against climate change and other environmental challenges. At the same time, ricetTo be able to establish paradigm shifts in agriculture to increase fertility and ensure future food security. So this year’s Aman paddy drought will give us an eco-friendly agriculture gift for the coming days, This is expected.
Author: Professor (Economics), the dean,Faculty of Business Administration and Syndicate Member, City University, Dhaka