Caliphate to Karbala – Part One

Caliphate to Karbala – Part One
Caliphate to Karbala – Part One

When Allah subhanahu wa-ta’ala desired to create Adam (a.s.), He said to His angels – I am going to create My representative on earth. (Surah Baqarah: 30)
The first caliph of God on earth was the first father of mankind, Adam (A.S.). He was also the first prophet sent by Allah. The blessed chain of Prophethood that began at his hands ended with the last and greatest Prophet, Sayyiduna Muhammadur Rasulullah (SAW). Between the first and last two prophets, one hundred and twenty four thousand prophets and messengers came, most of whom were from Bani Israel i.e. the descendants of Ibrahim (A.S.). The succession of leadership of the Bani Israel was such that when a Prophet departed from the world, another Prophet would take over his caliphate and take over the preaching and implementation of the religion of Allah on earth and the governance of the Ummah. After the completion of the blessed series of prophethood by the last Prophet Muhammad Rasulullah (SAW), for the first time the propagation and implementation of the religion of Allah and the governance of the Ummah in this world was entrusted to people who are not prophets. Not a prophet, that is, not chosen by God; Rather, it was chosen based on the consensus of the Ummah. On the authority of Abu Huraira (R.A.), Rasulullah (S.A.W.) said – The Prophets of Bani Israel used to rule their Ummah. When a prophet died, another prophet succeeded him. And there is no prophet after me. But there will be many caliphs. (Sahih Bukhari: Kitabu Ahadeeth Ambia, 3268)

Although the chain of Prophethood ended at the hands of Muhammad Rasulullah (SAW), some liars claimed to be prophets throughout the ages and created great confusion. Rasulullah (pbuh) warned us about this. On the authority of Abu Huraira (R.A.), Rasulullah (S.A.W.) said – The Hour will not take place until thirty false Dajjals emerge. Everyone will claim that he is the Messenger of Allah. (Muttafaq Alayhi, Jame’ Tirmidhi: Abwabul Fitan, 2218)

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala called Sayyiduna Muhammad (pbuh) the last prophet in clear words to root out the fitnah of false prophets. It is mentioned in the Holy Quran – Muhammad is not the father of any of you; Rather, he is the Messenger of Allah and the last Prophet. And Allah is All-Knowing. (Surah Ahzaab: 40)

Rasool (pbuh) has unequivocally and openly uprooted the false claims of the Prophets, revealing his true identity before us. Zubair Ibn Mutwaim (RA) narrated from his father that Rasulullah (SAW) said – I am Muhammad (the Most Praised), I am Ahmad (the Praiser), I am the Mahi (the Exterminator) through whom disbelief will be removed. I am the Hashir (the gatherer) who will gather the people behind me. I will take Akib is the person after whom there is no prophet. (Sahih Muslim: Kitabul Fadwail, 2354)

In other hadiths Rasulullah (s.a.w.) has declared the end of prophethood in his Khatme Nabuayat in more clear words. On the authority of Shawban (R.A.), Rasulullah (S.A.W.) said – And, I am the last of the Prophets. There is no prophet after me. (Jamee Tirmidhi: Abwabul Fitan, 2219)

So whoever does not accept Sayyiduna Muhammad (pbuh) as the last prophet, he directly excludes himself from the bounds of Islam. One of the fundamental foundations of the Islamic creed is the belief and recognition of Muhammad (pbuh) as the last prophet and messenger. No person will be considered a believer without this recognition.

A Muslim who saw Rasulullah (SAW) with faith and died for that faith is called a Sahabi in Islamic terminology. After the prophets and messengers, the term ‘Sahabi’ is the most respected title in religious circles. Imam Ibn Hajar Asqalani while giving the definition of Sahabi said – Sahabi is one who met Rasulullah (SAW) with faith and died on Islam. (Al-Isabah fi Tamizis Sahaba: Imam Ibn Hajar Asqalani)

Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala introduced the Companions as follows: Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and his companions are strict with the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves. You will see them bowing down and prostrating themselves for Allah’s grace and pleasure. There is a sign of prostration on their faces. (Surah Fatah: 29)
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala greeted the Companions. It is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an – Say, All praise is due to Allah and peace be upon His chosen servants. (Surah Namal: 59)

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (R.A.) said, here the Companions are meant by the chosen servant. (Tafseer Ahkamil Qur’an: Imam Qurtubi)

Sahaba are the best people of this Ummah. On the authority of Imran Ibn Husayn (RA), Rasulullah (SAW) said – The best ummah is the ummah of my generation, then the next generation, then the next generation. (Sahih Bukhari: Kitabu Fadwaylus Sahaba, 3450)

Companions are free from hell. On the authority of Jabir (RA), Rasulullah (SAW) said – Hellfire will not touch the Muslim who sees me. Or those who saw me, saw them. (Jamee Tirmidhi: Abwabul Manaqib, 3858)

Abusing the Companions of the Prophet of Allah (PBUH) is a sin and heresy. Narrated by Abu Saeed Khudri (R.A), Rasulullah (S.A.) said – Do not abuse our companion. By the One in Whose hand is my life, if one of you spends in the way of Allah the equivalent of the gold of Mount Uhud, it will not be equal to the giving of a handful of my Companions. Not even a half fist. (Sunan Abu Dawud: Kitabus Sunnah, 4658) (Continued)

Author: Islamic thinker, studying Islamic Studies under (Masters) Religious Studies,
Airport University, Germany


The article is in Bengali

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