Chittagong: Autumn means flowers, clear blue sky and green horizon. The arrival of autumn in the green nature of Bengal fascinates us.
That is why autumn has become the ‘queen of the season’. According to the laws of nature, the forests surrounding the Ananya residential areas of the city have risen. Nature lovers enjoy this blue and white game in the middle of brick and wood city. Holding the hands of their loved ones, they walk in the forest, witnessing the blue-white handclap.
There is no dearth of poems, songs and stories about autumn. Kashful of autumn has been mentioned in the literature. The role of Kashful in exchange of love is not less. On the bank of the river in rural Bengal, across the bill, on the banks of the canal, the spread of flowers was not only visible, but also captured the mind in an instant.
Kashful is our very own flower, born in this subcontinent. Kashflower also blooms in countries like India, Nepal, Bhutan, Africa etc. But as a flower, Kashflower has no value, no one even cultivates it.
This flower grows spontaneously like grass on the banks of rivers or ponds. The botanical name of this herbaceous plant is Saccharum spontaneum and the family is Poaceae. This plant is usually up to 3 meters tall in height. The two sides of the chiral leaves of the tree are quite sharp.
Kashful appears in the gaps between the green evergreen leaves. Soft feather-like fluttering white flowers fall between the leaves in the wind wave. Sometimes the feathers of flowers fly in the wind from far away.
Kashful is found in rough, grassland areas or on mountain slopes. On the other hand, near the river is the most suitable place for Kashful to grow. Kashful trees grow very easily in the alluvium accumulated on the banks of the river.
Kashful also has medicinal properties. If you have stones in the gall bladder, you can regularly drink medicine made from plant roots and other ingredients to remove the stones. Regular application of kashmool bete like sandalwood on the skin removes body odor. Cough root is also used to treat boils in the body as a pain reliever.
Although kashful is considered a weed, villagers make brooms, twigs, mats, etc. from dried kash plants. When the saplings are a little big, some parts can be cut and used as fodder for cattle and buffaloes.
Kashgach is also used to make house rice, house boundary fences and farmers’ head mathals. In rural Bengal, it is believed that Kashful removes the blackness of the mind. So Kashful leaves or flowers are used for auspicious work.
There is another species of Kashful. This species is called Kush. They look like kashful. For this distinct variety, the touch of white kashful against the blue sky of autumn makes kashful unique to nature lovers.
According to Anika Nawar, student of Chittagong BGMEA Institute of Fashion and Technology, Tanveen Reza Isha and Asmaul Husna, student of Chittagong Government Women’s College, Bengal wakes up in a golden splendor when autumn comes. Wearing a white-green saree, nature is revealed in the courtyard of the world.
Seeing the enthusiasm of the children in the house, the elders also float in memories. No matter how far away, under the open sky or encased in a brick wall, village or city, this nature taps the finger of the Goddess.
Therefore, for ages, women have wanted to decorate themselves in the whiteness of autumn in poetry or to their loved ones. Kabiguru wrote: ‘We have tied bunches of straw, we have woven shefalimalas. I have decorated the stalks with fresh rice.
Sharat and Kashful have been praised in poet Kazi Nazrul Islam’s poem – ‘Kashful awakens a white tingle in the mind, the mind says how beautiful nature is, what an immense creation of God’. Poet Jibanananda Das saw Sarat like this – ‘I have seen the face of Bengal, so I don’t go looking for the shape of the world anymore’.
Bangladesh Time: 1000 hours, September 23, 2022