Bangladesh is now at the 129th position in the United Nations Human Development Index with a value of 0.661. Bangladesh has advanced by four steps compared to the previous time. According to a new report by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the average life expectancy in the country is now 72.4 years. Time spent on education is 12.4 years and per capita income (GNI) at PPP or Purchasing Power Parity is $5,472.
The findings appear in UNDP’s Human Development Report 2021-2022 ‘Uncertain Times, Unstable Lives: Transforming the Future in a Changing World’.
India, Nepal, Myanmar and Pakistan are lagging behind Bangladesh in the index mentioned in the report. However, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Bhutan are ahead. This report is done on a total of 191 countries.
Bangladesh was ranked 133rd in the Human Development Index report ‘The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene’ published at the end of 2020 by UNDP. India, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Bhutan were ahead of Bangladesh in services in South Asia.
Switzerland tops this index with a value of 0.962 this year. The average life expectancy in the country is 84 years, the time spent on education is 16 and a half years, and the average per capita income in PPP terms is $66,000.
On the other hand, South Sudan is at the bottom of this index with a value of 0.385. The average life expectancy of the country is 55. Time spent on education is five and a half years and average per capita income is $768 in PPP terms.
In this year’s Human Development Index, Bangladesh’s neighbor India ranks 132nd, Nepal 143rd, Myanmar 149th and Pakistan 161st. On the other hand, the position of Sri Lanka is 73rd, Maldives is 90th and Bhutan is 127th.
It is known that this year’s index is based on the data of 2021.
According to this report prepared by the United Nations, the average life expectancy, education and economic prosperity of people worldwide have started to decrease since the outbreak of the Corona epidemic. Although development has been achieved in these sectors for decades, it has been in decline globally for the past two years. Along with Covid-19, the Ukraine war and climate change have played a role in this decline.
Akhim Steiner, one of the researchers of the research report, said that more than 80 countries in the world are facing problems with paying their national debt. He said, ‘Many countries are one step away from a serious crisis. We see massive disruptions, which may continue for years to come. Sources: BBC, UNDP.org.