The political reform programs that Gorbachev undertook were truly unique and daring. He was a very open man. That was unusual for a political leader. As the General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, it is completely incompatible.
Gorbachev advocated a policy of glasnost, or liberalization, from the beginning of his leadership. His benevolence significantly increased the practice of freedom of expression and publication in the Soviet Union. George Orwell in Soviet Nineteen is fourPublishing such books was a legal offence. After 1989, such books began to be widely published.
Dissidents who were imprisoned were released, those sent to exile or labor camps were brought back. Gorbachev also opened the door to new freedoms in communication. Removed restrictions on foreign media and eased travel and immigration.
In less than seven years, Gorbachev carried out reforms that no previous Soviet leader could do. In 1985, it would have been beyond the dreams of any Western leader to imagine such a change. Margaret Thatcher admitted it.